Pasteurisation F values

Category: Thermal processing
Forum Name: Thermal processing
Forum Description: Effects of heat on food, enzymes and microorganisms
URL: https://www.dairyscience.info/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=220
Printed Date: 02 Jul 2022 at 12:56pm
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Topic: Pasteurisation F values
Subject: Pasteurisation F values
Date Posted: 17 May 2010 at 8:23pm
 I have had an interesting series of Emails concerning the determination of the F value of a product which received an in pack pasteurisation heat treatment. I am summarising these discussions and making them as generic as possible to avoid any confidentiality issues. Companies processing e.g.  sous vide type-products must ensure that they are safe. This means subjecting the product to a time / temperature treatment that will reduce the probability of the presence of viable pathogenic or spoilage organisms by the requisite number of D-values. Lets say that regulatory authorities in a particular country specify that manufacturers must ensure that their products are subjected to a lethality equivalent to say 65°C for 10 minutes. The F value must be determined using 65°C as the reference temperature; every minute at this temperature will give a value of 1.   During the heating and cooling period of the product  some microbial destruction will take place and this needs to be calculated.  As a consequence the lethality  calculated during heating and cooling must be added to the lethality experienced at the reference temperature. The methodology for doing this is described on this site and the F value can be calculated using the http://www.dairyscience.info/newCalculators/lethalcomp.aspx - calculator or e.g. an http://www.dairyscience.info/feedback/citefo.asp - Excel spreadsheet.

Replies:
Posted By: Jennie
Date Posted: 09 Aug 2010 at 1:34am
 Dear Dr. Michael, Thank you so much for your post. I still have a question. If a process authority said our process needs 79.4 C for 5 minutes. In order to calculate least sterilizing value, I have set 79.4 C as reference temperature. Shceduled process is fill and hold process. Can filling temperature be some where below 79.4C, let say it's 69 - 72.2 C? Would this be possible? Or filling temperature needs to be above reference temperature?   Please kindly advise.   Thank you very much in advance.   Jennie