Glad to have been of some help. You stimulated me to find out more about Romberg integration-surprisingly easy to do but it offers no advantage over Simpsons rule in F calculation.]]>

Have chatted to boss. Cant post company data. Thnks for all the help lot happier now.]]>

OK post a list of times and temperatures and confirm your Z and T reference values. I will then calculate F values using the 3-methods. It is unlikely that they will show much of a difference from your own calculations. Note the trapezoidal rule generally gives slightly higher values than the other two methods.

Please do not provide commercial information with your data.

]]>
If I posted some info could you give me Fo with different ways?Pl]]>

Sorry very busy for the next few weeks so can't help in short term. There are some good articles in Wikipedia. I will try and get back to you later.]]>

Thanks! Dont really understand much of this. We have googled methods & thyre to complicted for us. Any more info appreciated. Would u post another spredsheet?]]>

Jen

An interesting post and a question that I have never heard from a student. I sincerely hope that you are not trying to find a way out of a production problem; being able to sleep at night is important.

The trapezoidal rule is a commonly used method for estimating the area under the lethality -time graph using simple numerical integration. Generally it gives an acceptable result. This is dependant upon an acceptable number of data points and the use of a constant and small delta time value e.g. 1-5 minutes; smaller is better.

However there are other more accurate ways of obtaining the area under a curve, Simpson's rule and Romberg integration are probably the best known. Of the three methods, Romberg integration gives the most accurate result but Simpson's rule (there are 2 actually) is generally more commonly used.

The differences in the F value calculated by the three methods are often too small to be of any practical significance in food processing;the errors inherent in the trapezoidal rule are small compared with other errors involved in thermal processing e.g. temperature measurement. When one considers how easy it is to use the trapezoidal rule it is easy to understand why it has become so widely used. However on occasions there can be significant differences.

It is very easy to set up a spreadsheet to calculate F values using the three methods.

]]>
Hi

Im an intern in canning plant. I downloaded your spreadsheet to compare Fo results calculated with it and our software, we get same results with your spreadsheet. Good easy to use.

Our software and your spreadsheet use the the trapezoidal rule. If we did cals using another method would we get different Fo results?

Plaese reply

Jen

]]>