HTST pasteurization. Is it time to raise statutory time / temperature conditions to destroy Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP)?
Note this article has been updated to reflect the published consensus of researchers and clinicians at the conference on MAP in the US in 2017 that Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a human pathogen (Kuenstner et al, 2017).
The use of a high temperature short time heat treatment (HTST) of 72°C for 15 seconds to destroy pathogenic bacteria in milk, reduce the number of spoilage organisms and increase shelf life is well established (Cerf and Condron, 2006; Codex Alimentarius (2004); Juffs and Deeth, 2007).